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Wooded area of plains and marshes. Waste of swamps, rivers and lagoons. Without any doubt, the biological station of Beni -that has a territorial extension of 1,350 square kilometers- stores surprising and wonderful tropical places that every lover of the paradisiac places should know.
As soon as one enters to this immense tropical forest, the caw of the birds cause a pleasing surprise; then, we only need to walk to start discovering numerous natural attractions as the lagoon of Normandía: one of the most visited corners in the station where the traveler will be able to appreciate numerous species of mammals and aquatic birds that travel and overfly the area.
Small tracts cavalcades. Walks by tropical forests that give shelter to restless, savages or innocent wild animals. To stroll by paths full with greenery and magic; these are only some of the activities that can be developed in the biological station, located southwest of the department of Beni, between the counties of Yacuma and Ballivián.
After walking by the banks of some rivers and resting at the base of one of the imposing trees, you may visit the pre columbian archaeological remains of Moxos, where the embankments built by an ancient culture will astonish you.
Flora and fauna
The great variety of flora and fauna species found in the biological station is simply amazing. Until now, 2,000 species of vascular plants have been registered. Many of them, unfortunately, are in extinction danger, such as the cedar (Cedrela odorata), the violet tajibo (Tabebuía heptaphylla) and the palo maría (Callophyllum brasiliense).
The palm pachiuva (Socratea exorrhiza) is also found here, as well as the , jatata (Geonoma sp.), the mara or mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) and the cuchi (Astronium sp.).
The fauna is varied and fabulous. The river turtle is among the most important species (Podocnemis unifilis) and has been included in a special program to avoid their definitive disappearance due to the constant and frequent dangers in the area.
The nice and colorful species of birds like the herons, the harpy (Harpia harpyja), the black duck (Cairina moschata) and the endemic Turdus haplochrous, among others that inhabit this area, are also remarkable.
of more than 100 species of mammals is also registered. Among
these species we find the pejichi (Priodontes maximus), the jaguar
(Panthera onca), the swamp deer (Odocoileus dichotomus) and species
of primates like the marimono (Ateles paniscus) and the manechi
If appropriate programs of care and protection are not elaborated, these marvels of the nature will disappear in damage, not only of Bolivia but also of the whole planet.
At a height of 220 m.a.s.l. and with a tropical climate- families of the indigenous group of the Chimanes -who keep and practice their ancestral rites and customs- live in the Biological Station of Ben.
As a way to conserve the station -declared by the UNESCO as a Reserve of Biosphere- an integral plan has been traced between diverse Bolivian institutions and the group of indigenous Chimanes, so that the conservation and care of the area become real.
Certainly, the most serious threats that the biological station of Beni faces are the increase of the stealthy hunters of diverse fauna species, as well as the illegal exploitation of the diverse wooden varieties existing in the area, disastrous activities that should be banished by the man himself.
doubt, Beni is one of the most important centers in the world
for the conservation and investigation of renewable natural resources.
At the moment, it is directed and administered by the National
Academy of Sciences.
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