that, hundred of years ago, a group of natives called Guarasug'we
-coming from Paraguay-, populated these Bolivian lands to leave
us unlikely legends and colorful traditions. It is also known
, that in the northern side of the Noel Kempff Mercado National
Park, there are several stones that show human faces features,
but they have not been studied rigorously yet.
history in the Noel Kempff Mercado Park-northeast of the department
of Santa Cruz- one of the most extensive ecological reserves in
the world, with a surface of 914,00 hectares.
amazing waterfalls and incredible rocky islands in the river.
Rivers and lagoons that traffic through an ecosystem loaded with
an extraordinary flora and fauna. A world to discover. A place
that offers diverse habitats that could hardly be found in another
part of the planet.
It is estimated
that in this area, there are approximately 4,000 species of vascular
plants. But, without a doubt, the eyes of any adventure man will
be captivated when admiring the variety of orchids, bromelias,
pasifloras, heliconias, aráceas and palms.
group of trees and plants that can be commercially used, the best
known are the mara (Swietenia macrophylla), the oak (Amburana
caearensis), the cedar (Cedrela odorata), the rubber (Hevea brasiliensis),
and several species of palms like the asaí or palmito (Euterpe
in the Noel Mercado Kempff Park is rich and surprising. The last
studies register around 150 varieties of mammals, among those:
jaguars, pumas, elks and tapires, troop porks or pecaríes,
monkeys, urinas or deer, capiguaras and strange species like the
mount dog, borochi, deer of the swamps, bufeos and londras, among
As for the birds, there have been reported more than 620 species.
Among them we find pavas, parabas, parrots, toucans, sparrow hawks,
hawks, partridges, gulls, tapacarés, batos, ducks, cormoranes,
herons, martín pescador and others.
also, presents a total of 62 species of amphibians. Although the
fish are the less studied vertebrates of the area, they have a
bigger importance because they represent the basic food of those
that inhabit the communities near to these paradisiac places.
A recent study has registered 250 species of fish.
reptiles that rest, crawl and swim in the area, 74 species have
been reported, including crocodiles, diverse saurian, turtles
and snakes. There are also black cayman, sicurí, tataruga,
tracayá, land peta, púa rattlesnake, chonono rattlesnake
and iguana, among others. 347 species of insects have been identified.
Natural wonders that are hardly found in other parts of the world.
and majestic places. Amazing waterfalls, wrap and catch any tourist.
The Bay of the Orchids, the Mirador of the Monkeys, Caparuch and
the waterfalls Rainbow, they are the most attractive natural places
in the area.
At the moment,
the visitors are received in the Flor de Oro camp, located along
the Itenez or Guaporé river, close to the border with Brazil.
This area is perfect to stop and to observe the flight of the
birds; to go for a walk by the river and to contemplate the beauty
of the londras (Pteronura brasiliensis) and the sweet water bufeos
a group of rocky formations that offer a spectacular panoramic
view of the area, has become a very visited place by the tourists.
Some further steps, we find the Mirador of the Monkeys, from which
the whole Flor de Oro Camp can be observed. The best time to visit
the place is from December to May.
are not people residing in the Park, during the times of the extraction
of rubber -practice that begun in the last century-, many communities
of Chiquitanos mestizo settled in the surroundings (Remanso, Piso
Firme, Bella Vista, Porvenir, Florida y Esperancita de la Frontera).
and now these residents have been dedicated to other economic
activities based on the exploitation of natural resources, such
as the plant medicinal poalla, wild animals (saurian, felines,
parabas), palmetto and wood.
At the present
time, the population is less than 1,500 people. All of them cohabit
under precarious services of water, energy, health and education.
It is, indeed, a captivating and amazing natural place that invites
to be visited... and, mainly, protected.