National Park in Bolivian lands owes its name to a giant guest
that plays with the clouds, and rest deeply in spite of the bustling
"voices" of the birds and other animals that maraud
through this charming place.
We speak about
the Sajama volcano, the highest peak in Bolivia with 6,542 m.a.s.l.
Without a doubt, the biggest attraction in the National Park that
takes its name, because its figure seduces and enchants to any
visitor that goes into this marvel of the nature.
In the surroundings
of the imposing Sajama, there is a forest of Keñua, the
tree that grows at the highest point in the world (5,200 m.a.s.l.).
At the beginning of the last century, their wood was used limitlessly
in the foundries and in the construction of the railroads.
To avoid the
extinction of one of its favorite sons, the government decided
to protect them by means of the creation, in 1939, of a National
Park, with an extension of 100,223 hectares, located in the Sajama,
Laguna, Cosapa, Caripe and Curahuara cantons of the district of
Carangas, Sajama county, department of Oruro.
a beneficial campaign began in favor of the protection and care
of the natural resources in Bolivia. So far, they have been created
more than 30 protected areas in diverse regions of the country,
but not all of them have been appropriately developed due to the
lack of economic resources and poor tourist vision.
most important rivers, we find: Sajama, Tomarapi and Esquillani
and some of the lagoons of the area, numerous characteristic birds
of the Andean fauna inhabit, some of them are the flamingos (parihuanas),
ducks, gulls, the water hen and the Andean avoceta, among others.
It also covers
coloful and beautiful animals that are in extinction danger. Among
them, we have the suri (Pterocnemia pennata), the quirquincho
(Chaetophractus nationi) and the vicuña (Vicugna vicugna),
besides other South American camels, as the llama and the alpaca,
domesticated since ancestral times and that today constitute the
support of the economy in this part of the continent.
forests of Keñua (Polylepis tarapacana), the bofedales
with big yaretales and humid pastures are also imporant in the
of this National Park resides in the small communities of Sajama
and Caripe that are located in the skirts of the sleeping volcano;
but, numerous farms are also observed; in those, circular housings
are still built, following the traditional aymara techniques.
Most of the
population that surrounds the area of the Sajama Park is dedicated
to the breeding cattle of South American camels, particularly
of Alpacas. They extract the wool and then use it for the production
of very appreciated fabrics popular for their warming capacity,
at the same time that they make beautiful handmade pieces.
Place of history
and tradition. Sajama stores many archaeological vestiges of great
cultural importance. Among them Chullperios or necropolis, pictography
and pre Columbian ruins. In the near communities there are colonial
churches of magnificent characteristic.
the Andes that invites us to meditate about the importance of
protecting and conserving the environment, in a world that is
progressively destroying its natural wealth. The pioneer of the
National Parks of Bolivia, welcomes you.