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TITICACA - BOLIVIA
To navigate and to walk, the perfect combination that allows to know the Titicaca lake and its wonderful islands.Adventures in gelid blue waters and sheer paths, where the rigors of the height are felt, the dry wind that filters through the cracks of the clothes, the timid sun that shines but does not heat in excess.
Exciting and unforgettable experience. The traveler won't regret to furrow the waters of the Titicaca and of knowing every corner of its islands, in which he will find architectural vestiges of the Tiahuanaco culture, the human group that dominated the Andean heights for centuries.
Besides the attractions of the lake, in this area of the country -located in the department of La Paz- one can also visit the town of Copacabana, Known for the Sanctuary of La Vírgen Morena, the image of patron saint of the Bolivian highland.
In your voyage by the Titicaca, you should also visit the following places:
Lake Titicaca: located at 3,800 m.a.s.l., is the highest navigable lake in the world. Of beauty impressively blue, the Titicaca has a great significance for the men of the highland, who consider it the cradle of the Andean civilization. The legends say that, from its waters, Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo came out to found the empire of the Incas, following the orders given by their father, the Sun.
The Titicaca has an extension of 8,300 square kilometers and a total of 36 islands, disseminated in Bolivia and Peru. Its temperature average is of 9 centigrade degrees and among its natural resources are the totora, the wild ducks, the suches, bogas and trouts; plus, giant batrachians exist.
Isla del Sol: it is in the middle of the lake Titicaca and during the pre-hispanic time was an important religious establishment. It has an extension of 9,6 kilometers long for 4,6 kilometers wide. Some places of interest in the island are:
-Chincana, passages and semi-underground tunnels of an Inca palace, seems to be forming a labyrinth in the north part of the island.
-Pisadas del Sol, the legend says that, after a big flood, the Sun came to the earth and, when he rose toward the skies left his prints marked. In fact, the footfalls of the heavenly body are geologic formations that are in the surface of the island.
-Roca Sagrada, a legend says that Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo took refuge in this rock, in which two human figures can be observed.
-Escalinatas of Yumani, dozens of steps -of the sons of the Sun time- lead to the Fuente de los Incas, in which cults to the water were carried out. Old stories assure that the place was the fountain of youthfulness.
Kalahuata: its name comes from the aymara words: kala (stone) and huata (house). In the island there are remains of a great cemetery that dates from the post-Tiahuanaco period or from the Collas empire time. The residents cultivate quinua, beans, corn and potato, that are characteristic of this Andean region.
Estrecho de Tiquina: it is one of the most beautiful places in the lake and is located at 117 kilometers from La Paz. In the banks of the strait the towns of San Pablo and San Pedro de Tiquina are located. To move from one bank to the other it is necessary to board a craft and, in the case of the motor vehicles, these have to be taken by a ferryboat that crosses the waters of the Titicaca.
Copacabana: At only 158 kilometers from La Paz and at 3,841 m.a.s.l.; the main attraction of this town is the Sanctuary of La Vírgen Morena, where people surrender cult to the Virgin of Copacabana, an image carved in wood in 1592, by Francisco Tito Yupanqui who was a descendant of the Incas.
-El Calvario, as penance, thousands of pilgrims and devote of the Virgin of Copacabana walk this stone road that leads to a hill, from which one has a beautiful view of the lake.
-Astronomical Observatory, the ancient cultures of the highland (previous to the Incas), placed in this place a group of lithic pieces for the observation of the winter solstice. From here, one has a spectacular view of the lake.
-Intikala or the tribunal of the Inca,
a series of gigantic stones worked by pre Columbian artists -who
worked seats and pedestals for their gods in the rocks- are located
at less than one kilometer from Copacabana.
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